Time & again, rheumatoid arthritis gets labeled as a lifestyle disease. In fact, just came across an article that blames genes, stress & poor sleep for causation of Rheumatoid arthritis.
By definition, lifestyle disease is a disease caused by the way a person or a group of people live. Lifestyle diseases include Type II diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), dyslipidemia (high cholesterol), obesity. The definition also includes diseases associated with alcohol, tobacco & drug abuse.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Normally, body’s immune system is designed to fight microorganisms causing infections. Due to various reasons, the immune system may start considering its own body organs as foreign and attacks it. This self intolerance is known as autoimmunity. In Rheumatoid Arthritis, synovium (inner lining of the synovial joints) is considered by the immune system as foreign & bears the brunt of the attack. The immune attack causes pain & swelling of the joints.
As we have seen, one’s lifestyle has nothing to do with the immune attack & is not causative. It is a great injustice to patients with Rheumatoid arthritis to get blamed for their lifestyle & be at the receiving end of unnecessary advice.